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Sparta has long fascinated observers.  Even in ancient times, its unique Constitution and society was studied, analysed, praised and criticized. Our knowledge of Ancient Sparta is largely based on the commentary and observations of visitors - who naturally viewed it through the distorting glass of their own experience and values.  The only genuinely Spartan sources to which we have access today is the evidence of archaeology.  Since to this day the site of Ancient Sparta has never been completely or systematically excavated, this evidence is incomplete at best.  Nevertheless, the findings of archaeology and new historical approaches such as women's studies have led to considerable revision in the traditional image of Sparta.
Short descriptions are to be found on the "Home" page. 


Helena Schrader has done extensive, secondary research on Ancient Sparta. She has summarized her conclusions in a separate web site "Sparta Reconsidered."  

Sparta bulletSPARTA RECONSIDERED INDEXSparta bullet

Overview
Art and Culture of Sparta
Athenian Marriage vs. Spartan Marriage
In Search of Sparta
Constitution of Sparta
Foreign Policy of Sparta
Economy of Sparta
Education of Sparta
Ethos of Sparta
Leonidas & Gorgo
Sexuality in Sparta
Women of Sparta
Scenes from a Spartan Marriage
Screen Saver on Sparta
Novel Excerpts
Teacher Supplement for The Olympic Charioteer
Sources and Tips for Further Research on Sparta



Helena, also has done extensive, secondary research on the Spartan historical figures of King Leonidas I and Queen Gorgo.  Her conclusions and articles on this specific aspect of Spartan history can mainly be found on the website "Leonidas and Gorgo of Sparta."

Sparta bulletLEONIDAS AND GORGO OF SPARTA INDEXSparta bullet


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Contents of this web site are copyrighted. ©1993-2011 Helena P. Schrader unless otherwise noted.  If you would like to use material from this site, please contact Helena Schrader.  If you experience any problems with this site, please contact the web mistress.
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 Last updated Feb 7, 2011